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Government of Karnataka

Government of Karnataka
Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage

Frequently Asked Questions
  1. What are the functions of Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage?
    The main functions are as follows
    1. Exploration of the antiquities, monuments and archaeological sites etc.
    2. Excavation of archaeological sites.
    3. Conservation of Ancient and Historical Monuments and Sites
    4. Survey of Epigraphs (Inscriptions, Copper plates etc.)
    5. Study of Coins
    6. Establishment and maintenance of Museums
    7. Publication of Research Works
    8. Organization of Educational and Cultural activities in the Museums
    9. Implementation of Antiquities and Art Treasure Act 1972.
  2. What is a protected Monument?
    Ancient monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock sculpture, inscription or monolith, which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest provided it has been in existence for not less than one hundred years. Definition of monument in the Act, also includes the remains or the site of an ancient monument. Not only that the portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient monument which may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving such monument, and the means of access to the monument are also termed as ancient monument.
    THE KARNATAKA ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL MONUMENTS AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES AND REMAINS ACT, 1961 and The Mysore Ancient & Historical Monuments & Archaeological Sites & Remains Rules, 1965 relate to
    protected monuments of Government of Karnataka and the AMASR Act, with recent amendments of the Arhcaeological Survey of India pertain to centrally protected mouments.
  3. What is the process for declaration of a monument?
    Where the Government is of opinion that any ancient monument should be declared as a protected monument, it may, by notification in the official Gazette, give two months’ notice of its intention to declare such ancient monument to be a protected monument and a copy of every such notification shall be affixed in a conspicuous place near the monument.
    (2) Any person interested in any such ancient monument may within two months after the issue of the notification, object to the declaration of the monument to be a protected monument.
    (3) On the expiry of the said period of two months, the Government may, after considering the objections, if any, received by it, declare by notification in the official Gazette the ancient monument to be a protected monument.
  4. What is excavation?
    The Act does not give any definition of the excavation. However the Recommendation on International Principles Applicable to
    Archaeological Excavations made by the General Conference of the UNESCO, at its ninth session at New Delhi in 1956, defines the
    excavation in detail. According to the Article 1 of UNESCO recommendation "by archaeological excavations is meant any research
    aimed at the discovery of objects of archaeological character, whether such research involves digging of the ground or systematic exploration
    of its surface or is carried out on the bed or in the sub-soil of inland or territorial waters..."
  5. What is a museum?
    A museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic, cultural, or historical importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary.
  6. What is Heritage building and Heritage precinct?
    The Karnataka town and Country planning act 1961, has introduced definition of Heritage building and Heritage and precinct in its
    amendment vide notification dated February 14, 2005. “Heritage Building ”means a building possessing architectural, aesthetic historic or cultural values which is declared as heritage building by the planning authority or any other competent authority within whose jurisdiction such building is situated. “Heritage precinct ”means an area comprising heritage building or buildings and precincts thereof or related places declared as such by the Planning authority or any other competent authority within whose jurisdiction such area is situated.
  7. Can private body/institution/agency/anybody contribute for conservation of protected monuments?
    Interested private organizations, local public may contribute for conservation of monuments. Commencing from 2002-03 Department of Archaeology, Musuems and Heritage has tied up with Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Dharmothana Trust for the conservation of select monuments. The Cost is being shared in the ratio of 40:40:20 (Dept: Dharmastala trust: Local contribution)
  8. Can a private body/institution/agency conduct excavation for archaeological purpose?
    Prior approval of the Central Government is a must for all the archaeological excavations in areas other than protected areas. The
    approval may be obtained through the Archaeological Survey of India.
  9. Can we take photographs of monuments? Who will grant permission for photography in monuments?
    One can take photograph of any monument. One is not authorized to bring camera stand, extra lights, or any such appliance. One can
    use camera stand, artificial lights or any such appliance with the permission granted by an officer of the Department of Archaeology,
    Museums and Heritage, Mysore in writing with respect to protected monument of Government of Karnataka.
  10. What is procedure if treasure is found in fields?
    The find is governed by the Karnataka Treasure Trove Act 1962. Local officer of the Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage, Mysore
    or the Revenue offical may be contacted.
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