- What are the functions of Department of
Archaeology, Museums and Heritage?
The main functions are as follows
1. Exploration of the antiquities, monuments and archaeological sites etc.
2. Excavation of archaeological sites.
3. Conservation of Ancient and Historical Monuments and Sites
4. Survey of Epigraphs (Inscriptions, Copper plates etc.)
5. Study of Coins
6. Establishment and maintenance of Museums
7. Publication of Research Works
8. Organization of Educational and Cultural activities in the Museums
9. Implementation of Antiquities and Art Treasure Act 1972.
- What is a protected Monument?
Ancient monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus
or place of interment, or any cave, rock sculpture, inscription or monolith,
which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest provided it has
been in existence for not less than one hundred years. Definition of
monument in the Act, also includes the remains or the site of an ancient
monument. Not only that the portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient
monument which may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise
preserving such monument, and the means of access to the monument are also
termed as ancient monument.
THE KARNATAKA ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL MONUMENTS AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES AND
REMAINS ACT, 1961 and The Mysore Ancient & Historical Monuments &
Archaeological Sites & Remains Rules, 1965 relate to
protected monuments of Government of Karnataka and the AMASR Act, with
recent amendments of the Arhcaeological Survey of India pertain to centrally
- What is the process for declaration of a monument?
Where the Government is of opinion that any ancient monument should be
declared as a protected monument, it may, by notification in the official
Gazette, give two months’ notice of its intention to declare such ancient
monument to be a protected monument and a copy of every such notification
shall be affixed in a conspicuous place near the monument.
(2) Any person interested in any such ancient monument may within two months
after the issue of the notification, object to the declaration of the
monument to be a protected monument.
(3) On the expiry of the said period of two months, the Government may,
after considering the objections, if any, received by it, declare by
notification in the official Gazette the ancient monument to be a protected
- What is excavation?
The Act does not give any definition of the excavation. However the
Recommendation on International Principles Applicable to
Archaeological Excavations made by the General Conference of the UNESCO, at
its ninth session at New Delhi in 1956, defines the
excavation in detail. According to the Article 1 of UNESCO recommendation
"by archaeological excavations is meant any research
aimed at the discovery of objects of archaeological character, whether such
research involves digging of the ground or systematic exploration
of its surface or is carried out on the bed or in the sub-soil of inland or
- What is a museum?
A museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of
artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic, cultural, or historical
importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that
may be permanent or temporary.
- What is Heritage building and Heritage precinct?
The Karnataka town and Country planning act 1961, has introduced definition
of Heritage building and Heritage and precinct in its
amendment vide notification dated February 14, 2005. “Heritage Building
”means a building possessing architectural, aesthetic historic or cultural
values which is declared as heritage building by the planning authority or
any other competent authority within whose jurisdiction such building is
situated. “Heritage precinct ”means an area comprising heritage building or
buildings and precincts thereof or related places declared as such by the
Planning authority or any other competent authority within whose
jurisdiction such area is situated.
- Can private body/institution/agency/anybody
contribute for conservation of protected monuments?
Interested private organizations, local public may contribute for
conservation of monuments. Commencing from 2002-03 Department of
Archaeology, Musuems and Heritage has tied up with Sri Dharmasthala
Manjunatheshwara Dharmothana Trust for the conservation of select monuments.
The Cost is being shared in the ratio of 40:40:20 (Dept: Dharmastala trust:
- Can a private body/institution/agency conduct
excavation for archaeological purpose?
Prior approval of the Central Government is a must for all the
archaeological excavations in areas other than protected areas. The
approval may be obtained through the Archaeological Survey of India.
- Can we take photographs of monuments? Who will
grant permission for photography in monuments?
One can take photograph of any monument. One is not authorized to bring
camera stand, extra lights, or any such appliance. One can
use camera stand, artificial lights or any such appliance with the
permission granted by an officer of the Department of Archaeology,
Museums and Heritage, Mysore in writing with respect to protected monument
of Government of Karnataka.
- What is procedure if treasure is found in fields?
The find is governed by the Karnataka Treasure Trove Act 1962. Local officer
of the Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage, Mysore
or the Revenue offical may be contacted.