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Government of Karnataka

Government of Karnataka
Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage

     
Archaeology Monuments
CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF HISTORICAL MONUMENTS IN KARNATAKA, INDIA.
 

Karnataka in india has a rich treasure of relics ancient remains, vestiges, ancient monuments of archaeological and also historical importance. It has its own heritage intertwined with culture. There are many Neolithic and megalithic sites in Karnataka The ancient monuments of noted ruling dynasties have stood the test of time even after thousands of years. Their style, inbuilt, sculpture, architecture, technique, vastness and magnitude have wonders of their own.

The department of Archaeology and Museums which was established in the year 1885 had many outstanding Directors in its fold. Many Monuments which were surveyed extensively were documented/reported in brief with their important features in the form of Mysore Archaeological Reports (MAR). This Department has in its jurisdictional protection 765 ancient monuments- temples, masjids, churches, forts, ancient sites etc; as state protected monuments/area. The distinguished ruling dynasties of Karnataka were kadambas, gangas, chalukyas of Badami and Kalayana, Rashstrakutas, Hoysalas, Vijayanagara rulers, sultanate dynasties viz; Bahmanies, Adil Shahis, Barid Shahis, Mysore Wodeyars etc;

The Conservation wing in the department for the conservation of monuments was established in the year 1974. The upkeep and maintenance of selected monuments are being carried out under the action plan approved by the government of Karnataka. The Government of India is also providing grants since a decade under finance commission set up for this purpose. The PPP concept along with Government (Private-Public-Participation) has been introduced since 2002 to undertake conservation of monuments at the investment ratio of 40:40:20 (Government : Private : Public). This venture has been in fact a great success. The Dharmastala Manjunatheshwara Dharmothana Trust is functioning as a strategic partner under the tutelage of Dharmadhikari Dr.Veerendra Hegde. It is being continued uninterruptedly. Private Organizations are also allowed to partake in this venture. Individuals who are interested in the conservation and preservation of monuments can do so by obtaining prior permission from Government of Karnataka. Of course the investment for this purpose has to be borne by them. NRIs can also contribute and participate.

The TVS Motor Company has taken keen interest in the conservation and preservation of monuments. The Mahabaleshwara Temple and Narayanswamy Temple atop Chamundeswari Temple have been conserved and preserved by them. Prasanna Krishnaswamy Temple and Lakshmiramana Temple in the Mysore Palace complex were partially taken care of by them by installing Dwajasthambas. In all these the cost was borne by them. The Gunjanarashimswamy temple at T.Narasipura in Mysore District was conserved with the financial assistance of the Dr.Varadaraja Iyengar to the tune of Rs.2.00 crore with their conservation experts and guidance imparted by this Department. The Hampi foundation headed by the Jindal Company successfully carried out the conservation of Chandramouleshwara Temple at Anegundi in Gangavathi taluk.

Hampi is a world heritage site inscribed as such on 1986. The Archaeological Survey of India has established a separate wing in New Delhi particularly for world heritage sites. It is putting forth all its efforts to establish a framework for the heritage management based on a common conservation philosophy approach and practices to be followed. The Department of Archaeology under the Government of Karnataka is also carrying out such works since 1979. The Government of Karnataka has established the Hampi World Heritage Management Authority which is assigned to work under the Act, 2002 keeping in view the preservation of monument and Hampi Integrated Management Plan. The Hampi area for convenience is divided into three zones viz;- core, buffer and peripheral.

The UNESCO has been continuously monitoring the entire site at Hampi. The constant guidance of UNESCO helped Hampi World Site from getting out of its danger situation. The Ministry of Culture, Government of India, New Delhi has been providing Grants since one and half decade for the Heritage protection in Karnataka commencing from XI Finance Commission to 12th and 13th Finance Commission. The action plan under 13th Finance Commission has been approved by the Government of India and Karnataka.

Apart from the selected protected monuments it is estimated that there are nearly 25,000 to 30,000 unsung monuments in Karnataka which have to be documented sequel to their preservation and primary conservation. Government is even though keenly interested in the preservation of cultural heritage of our land it cannot do alone. Awareness among public is necessary towards the rich heritage around. Celebration of heritage week is a step in this right direction. The personnel who are involved in the conservation of monuments should try to get their knowledge updated by studying the techniques and adopting the same with the help of various media of communication. There are monuments having circuits of their own with specific importance. These monuments are spread over the whole of Karnataka. Many monuments have to be brought to the limelight.

The Germany’s interest in the cultural heritage of this land is more than 2 – 3 century old. The ancient monuments in Karnataka are the cultural properly of the state. There are many ways that German Republic can be involved in the conservation and preservation of monuments. However, Government of Karnataka should also explore the possibility in utilizing German expertise for conservation and management of historical monuments in Karnataka.
The Conservation projects are being vetted through a committee consisting of specialists in heritage conservation. The conservation of monuments is being carried out with a proper approach in a comprehensive way such as structural repairs, chemical preservation and environmental protection. The priority list for conservation of monuments is being prepared which need urgent attention.

 
Conservation of Monuments - Sri Kapileswara Temple, Davanibayalu, Tirthahalli Taluk, District Shimoga
State Protected Monuments - PDF File
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